|Because it has the characteristic of the special and remarkable geostrategic stratagem, Korean peninsula has become the most strategic significance area of Pacific Ocean. The situation of Korean peninsula influences the interests of China,USA, Russia and Japan. At the present time, the issue ofKorean peninsula has became the hotspot in the world. Therefore lots of Chinese scholars and overseas scholars are interested in studying the issue of Korea peninsula. The Northern Policy of South Korea ,which became at the 1980s, exerted a special effect in improving the situation of peninsula and advancing the unification of peninsula. For this reason,The Northern Policy has become another key matter that the scholars studied.|
The Northern Policy of South Korea was carried out in a situation of the relaxing of situation in the world and the melioration of the relations of the East and the West.The aim of The Northern Policy is to found formal diplomatic relations with China,Soviet Russia and the east of Europe. Then these countries can influence the North Korea and create a exterior environment that is propitious to the unification of peninsula. At that time, the North Korea and the South Korea will unite.
The Northern Policy began to germinate in 1970s. But it was not a formal national diplomatic policy until the Sixth Republic of Roh Tae Woo. In 1980s the international situation began to ease up, the countries of socialism began to change their foreign policy, the economy of South Korea developed quickly and its international status advanced by a long way. In this background The Northern Policy can be put in practice. In order to actualize The Northern Policy the South Korea take a stratagem of three phases. First is to enhance intercommunion of the culture and non-economy with the socialism. Second is to accelerate the economic intercommunion. In the end is to establish the political and diplomatic relation. The Northern Policy was broke from the East of Europe. The South of Korea established diplomatic relations with Soviet Russia in 1990, with china in 1992. By far The Northern Policy make a elementary success. It is propitious to the tranquilization and development of the northeast of Asia. But The Northern Policy has not been successful out and out. Its final objective is to realize the unification of Korean peninsula. So now it will be very early for us to evaluate.
The Northern Policy played a very important part in founding formal diplomatic relation between China and South Korea. This text will study the gold days - the days of Roh Tae Woo of the Northern Policy. From this text we can have a better understanding of the diplomacy of South Korea. China and the Korea peninsula has a close relation. The situation of Korea peninsula will influence the environment of China . So we must understand our neighbor. Our friendship will be of long