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汉语日常电话中的启始话步

专 业: 英语语言文学  英文
关键词: 会话分析 电话会话 启始话步
分类号: I10  I04
形 态: 共 79 页 约 51,745 个字 约 2.475 M内容
阅 读: 全文阅读说明

内容摘要


本文是运用会话分析的理论和方法,对汉语日常电话的启始话步进行的一次较为深入的研究。

文章旨在揭示汉语日常电话中启始话步的总体模式,并探讨了潜在的社会和文化因素对这些启始话步的影响。

为了得到一个比较有代表性的样本,语料的采集是在中国的九个城市进行的,涉及了来自不同年龄群,不同性别,不同社会阶层,不同社会距离的825人提供的570例自然语料。

文章采用了定性和定量分析相结合的方法,以典型例子和统计数据的方式共同展示了汉语日常电话中启始话步的总体模式及特点。

分析结果显示,汉语日常电话中的启始话步基本上验证了Schegloff 1968, 1979, 1986提出的经典模式,但也发现了一些文化差异。

本文的主要研究发现及贡献如下:1汉语日常电话中的启始话步:传唤应答话步、身份识别话步、延展话步、问候话步和寒暄话步。

2与经典模式和与以往其他文化背景中研究发现的差异:在经典模式中Schegloff认为,由于打电话人做出了传唤,接电话人应该首先说话做出应答。

本文对这一观点提出质疑,因为在录制的汉语日常电话语料中发现,打电话者有时会在电话中首先说话,笔者在文中提供了有效的佐证。

在寒暄话步中文化差异尤为明显,谈及的..……

全文目录


Acknowledgements
中文摘要
Chapter 1 Introduction 12-14
1.1 General Description of the Research
1.2 Significance of the Research
1.3 Thesis Structure
Chapter 2 Literature Review
2.1 The Ethnography of Speaking
2.2 Conversation Analysis
2.3 Telephone Conversations
2.3.1 The Place of Telephone Conversations in CA
2.3.2 The Canonical Model of the Opening Moves in Telephone Conversations
2.4 Cross-Cultural Studies on the Opening Moves of Telephone Conversations
Chapter 3 Description of the Present Study
3.1 The Design of the Study
3.2 The Research Questions
3.3 Methodology
3.3.1 Recording
3.3.1.1 Participants
3.3.1.2 Instruments
3.3.1.3 Procedures
3.3.2 Repeated Listening and Transcribing
3.3.3 Interviews
Chapter 4 Findings
4.1 The Summons and Answer Sequence
4.1.1 The Initial Sequence in the Opening Moves
4.1.2 Terms Used to Answer the Phone
4.2 The Identification and Recognition Sequence
4.2.1 The Caller Identification and Recognition
4.2.1.1 The Caller-initiated Caller Identification
4.2.1.2 The Answerer-initiated Caller Identification
4.2.2 The Answerer Identification and Recognition
4.2.2.1 The Caller-Initiated Answerer Identification
4.2.2.2 The Answerer-initiated answerer identification
4.2.3 Covert Identification
4.3 The Extension Sequence
4.3.1 An Instrumental Sequence
4.3.2 Other Possible Results of the Extension Sequence
4.4 The Greeting Sequence
4.4.1 The Greeting Tokens Discovered in the Present Research
4.4.1.1 Greeting Tokens with a Sense of Uncertainty
4.4.1.2 Greeting Tokens with a Sense of Confirmation
4.4.1.3 The Prototype of the Greeting Tokens
4.4.2 The Flexibility of the Positions of the Greeting Sequence
4.4.2.1 An Independent Sequence
4.4.2.2 Overlapping with the Summons and Answer Sequence
4.4.2.3 Co-occurrence with the Identification and Recognition Sequence
4.5 The Phatic Talk Sequence
4.5.1 Inquiries in the Phatic Talk Sequence
4.5.1.1 Inquiries about General Well-being
4.5.1.2 Inquiries about health
4.5.1.3 Inquiries about Current Whereabouts
4.5.1.4 Inquiries about Current Actions
4.5.1.5 Inquiries about Meals
4.5.2 Affirmation of Reconnecting
4.5.3 Disturbance Check
4.5.4 Prioritized Communicative Acts
Chapter 5 Discussion
5.1 The Summons and Answer sequence
5.1.1 A Compulsory Sequence in Telephone Conversation Openings
5.1.2 The Party Who Speaks First in Telephone Conversations
5.1.3 The Second Summoning in Telephone Conversations
5.2 The Identification and Recognition Sequence
5.2.1 The Factors that Influence the Identification and Recognition Sequence
5.2.2 A Preference for Other Identification
5.3 The Nature of the Extension Sequence
5.4 The Greeting Sequence
5.4.1 The Asymmetrical Distribution of the Greeting Tokens
5.4.2 The Effect of Social Distance on the Greeting Sequence
5.5 The Phatic Talk Sequence
5.5.1 The Effect of Social Distance on the Phatic Talk Sequence
5.5.2 Phatic Talk with Peculiar Chinese Cultural Tastes
5.6 A General and Conclusive Comparison with the Canonical Model
Chapter 6 Conclusions
6.1 Summary of the Major Findings
6.2 Contributions and Implications of This Research
6.3 Limitations and Suggestions for Further Studies
References
Appendix I
Appendix II

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